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Types of Nutrition Human Body Needs

by Arslan Ahmad 05 Apr 2024
Types of Nutrition Human Body Needs Vitamins House

What is Nutrition

As humans, we need nutrition and different components from our foods. Your body will be deficient if you cannot get these nutrients from your food. Getting rid of their deficiency can help improve the health of any individual at any age. So, this article will give you all the types of nutrients you must consume to maintain good health. We will discuss proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, etc. It is a must-read to improve your overall health or a particular part of it. So, we will cover all types of nutrition you can find in food, which is essential for health. You can also learn about their natural sources and why your body needs them.

What Are Carbohydrates And Why Do We Need Them?

Regarding carbohydrates, they are the basic fuel our body needs to function. Our body needs it for processes like:

Help Create Energy

Glucose is your body's preferred energy source and a nutrient used for every function it performs. Your body cells need them to produce energy that helps them perform their basic functions at a cellular level.

Helps Protect Protein

Carbohydrates also help protect protein inside your body by stopping it from using it for energy production. This way, your body does not break down your muscle tissues for energy production; it uses carbohydrates. If you are an athlete or someone who does vigorous physical activity, you need carbohydrates to fuel your body. Even your brain needs them to get energy and perform cognitive functions like learning, memory, etc.

Better Gut Health

Foods high in carbohydrates also provide fiber essential for your gut health. It would be best if you had them for normal bowel movements that also help promote good digestion.

Best Food Sources For Carbohydrates?

Now that we know why we need carbohydrates in our body, we have some food sources for them:
  • You can use whole grains like rice, bread, oats, and wheat.
  • At the same time, you can get them from foods like Mangoes, Grapes, Oranges, and Bananas.
  • You can also use vegetables like Potatoes, Corn, Peas, and others as a good source of carbohydrates.
  • Using Legumes can also provide you with this energy source for your body.
  • Moreover, dairy products like Milk and Yogurt help you get this energy source.

What Are Proteins And Why Do We Need Them?

Every human body needs proteins to perform a huge range of functions and to maintain health. So, here are some reasons you should take a good amount of these nutrients:

Enzymes And Proteins

When it comes to the basic uses of proteins in our body, enzymes are an important part. Many proteins work as enzymes in your body, speeding up different chemical reactions.

Proteins And Body Structure

The right amount of proteins in your body also ensures the shape and strength of your cells. This way, it also helps tissues and organs to perform normally inside your body. Even your skin needs certain types of proteins to maintain itself and function properly. They also contribute to blood vessels, tendons, and ligament repair and development. At the same time, you need them to maintain a good volume of hair properly. Your muscles may weaken if you do not have a good protein level.

The Immune System Needs Protein

  • Apart from body structure, it helps in the production of antibodies.
  • These cells help protect your body against any germs and viruses that may enter it.
  • At the same time, they improve your complement system, which helps activate the immune system.

Hormones And Protein

When it comes to different hormones inside your body, they also come from this nutrient, like:
  • Hormones made from protein help metabolize your system and generate energy from carbohydrates.
  • At the same time, you need these hormones for proper growth and development.
  • Also, it would help if you had them for the proper functioning of your reproductive system.
  • Moreover, it would help if you coped with stress.
  • It also helps normal calcium levels inside your body and its regulation, plus absorption.

Best Sources of Protein

As your body needs proteins, here are some sources you can use for proper levels:
  • You can use different meats like Chicken, Mutton, and Beef.
  • Also, you get a good amount of protein from seafood like fish. So, you can try different types of fish in your daily routine to get a good amount of it.
  • Eggs are the best choice to get all essential amino acids or protein types from one source.
  • Yogurt, Cheese, and Milk are good foods that provide this nutrient.
  • Even using beans, Lentils, Chickpeas, and Peas would help your body with protein.
  • You can also incorporate nuts and seeds like Almonds, Walnuts, and chia seeds to get a good protein level.

Vitamins And Our Body

Vitamins are among the most significant micro-nutrients the human body needs. There are multiple functions it cannot perform without them, like:

Energy Production

  • You need vitamin B to break down glucose in your body and to transform fats and proteins into energy.
  • At the same time, they help enzymes to perform metabolic reactions inside your body.
  • Some also break down fatty and amino acids to help your body process them.
  • Do also in the transportation of fatty acids inside your cell.

Cell Functions

Vitamins are also essential for cell functions, like:
  • They help your body tissues in normal growth and development.
  • Also, they perform their part as antioxidative agents and help your body to absorb Iron.
  • At the same time, they play a role in maintaining cell membranes to help them function properly.
  • You also need them to protect against bleeding as they help the blood form clots.

Immune Functions

Also, you need these micronutrients to play a big role in your body's immune function:
  • They are crucial for protecting against harmful germs and viruses.
  • Producing white blood cells crucial to your immune system would be best.
  • They allow you to protect against autoimmune diseases, immune disorders, and infections.

Bone Health And Vitamins

You need vitamins like D, K, and C if you have bone health issues. They help in:
  • You need vitamin D for the absorption of calcium in your bones. Without sufficient levels in your body, your bones may get fragile, resulting in fractures.
  • At the same time, Vitamin K allows your bones to absorb minerals for better density and strength.
  • Vitamin C allows your body to create a collection, an important part of your body for bone health.

Eyesight Health

You also need vitamins for all health and normal functioning.
  • Your eyes need vitamin A to create a pigment known as Rhodopsin. It is an essential pigment that helps your eyes perceive light.
  • On the other hand, you also need vitamin C to help it against oxidative stress.
  • It would be best if you also had vitamin D to avoid the degeneration of muscles inside your eyes.
  • B complex about complex plays a role in eye health and ensures blood vessels stay healthy.

Vitamins Rich Foods

Here's a list of foods that are rich in vitamins:

Vitamins A

You can get vitamin A from liver, fish oil, carrots, spinach, apricots, and mangoes.

B Complex

  • Use black beans, brown rice, soybeans, and organ meat for vitamin B1.
  • Milk, yogurt, cheese, and chicken are high in Vitamin B2.
  • Chicken, brown rice, and lentils are high in vitamin B3.
  • Also, you can try taking brown rice and whole grains as a good sources of vitamin B5.
  • Using bananas, spinach, chickpeas, and lentils can help you with vitamin B6.
  • Try using egg yolk, walnuts, and sweet potatoes for B7.
  • You can find vitamin B9 in spinach, black beans, oranges, and grapefruits.
  • If you need Vitamin B12, try fish, poultry, dairy products, and eggs.

Vitamin C Sources

Here are some food sources that can help you get a good amount of vitamin C:
  • Try using
  • Oranges
  • Grapefruits
  • Strawberries
  • Kiwi
  • Bell Peppers.

For Vitamin D

  • Fatty fish
  • Egg yolks
  • Milk
  • Cheese

E Vitamin

  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Spinach
  • Avocado

K Type

  • Spinach
  • Brocolli
  • Cabbage
  • Green peas

Fats And Why Your Body Needs Them?

When we talk about fats, they also play a great role in maintaining your health and performing functions like:

Nutrients Absorption

  • When it comes to nutrient absorption, they play a crucial role you should know about.
  • They play a crucial role in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.
  • At the same time, absorbing plant-based compounds that our body needs is crucial.

Fats And Cells Structure

  • Fats are also an important part of your cell membrane.
  • Fats also help maintain your cell membranes which help them function properly.
  • At the same time, they play a role in the cell activities inside your body.
  • Also, they provide energy whenever your body needs it from fat content.

Fats Help Maintain Temperature and Protection

You may not be aware of it, but fats also help make your body maintain the right temperature. This content helps keep your body and reduces the temperature loss in your skin. It would help if you also protected your organs as it helps create cushioning from many outer and inner hits.

Essential Fatty Acids

Apart from the ones we talked about, there are some other jobs that only fatty acids can perform. Here are some functions they perform:
  • They help your brain perform functions like cognitive processes.
  • On the other hand, Omega 6 fatty acids help in cell membrane structure and hormone production.
  • At the same time, they help regulate inflammation in your body.

Food Sources For Fat Content

  • Avocado
  • Nuts like Walnuts
  • Chia seeds
  • Almonds
  • Seeds
  • Fatty fish
  • Olive oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Olives
  • Dark chocolate

Why Do We Need Minerals In Our Food?

Our body also needs minerals to maintain itself and to perform certain functions, like:
  • They help maintain good bone and teeth health which is why you need them.
  • At the same time, they help your nerves perform normally.
  • You also need them for your metabolism as they help in digestion and energy production.
  • Minerals like Iron allow your body to transport oxygen through blood cells known as hemoglobin.
  • Moreover, you need zinc, selenium, and copper to support your immune health. So, these minerals help your body with immune functions.
  • Your body also needs them to perform antioxidative activity and to avoid oxidative stress.

Food Sources For Minerals

Here are some food sources of minerals you need to have in your diet to maintain good health:
  • Yogurt
  • Cheese
  • Spinach
  • Liver
  • Kidney
  • Chicken
  • Almonds
  • Black Beans
  • Dark Chocolate
  • Bananas
  • Potatoes
  • Seafood
  • Brown Rice

Try Vitamins House For Supplements

If you want sports nutrition or for male or female health, you can try Vitamins House. We have the widest range of useful nutrients, like Proteins, Fats supplements, and Vitamins. Order your supplements with us for the most authentic and reliable supplements for better health. You can get vitamins, minerals, and other supplements at the best price and authenticity.


What are the essential nutrients types for the human body?

Here are the basic types of nutrients every human body needs to stay healthy and work properly:
  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals

What is the difference between macronutrients and micronutrients?

The main difference between the two is macronutrients are required in larger quantities. On the other hand, you need smaller quantities of micronutrients:


  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Fats


Why are proteins important for the human body, and what are their best sources?

Proteins can help your body maintain and repair muscle tissues. The best sources of it are:
  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Mutton
  • Lentils
  • Beans
  • Greek yogurt

Why are fats important for your health?

Fats help your body in its several functions, like:
  • Energy production
  • Nutrient Absorption
  • Cell Structure And Function
  • Hormone Production
  • Brain Health

Does taking supplements help your body and overall health?

You should consider supplements if you lack the micro or macro nutrients we discussed. You can try buying vitamins and protein supplements from Vitamins House.
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